Embroideries

Embroideries

Nyzynka embroidery from the Ukraine is named after its technique of working the basic pattern from the reverse of the cloth. It is closely related to Nyz' embroidery from the southwest of the country; Nyzynka work is especially known from among the Hutsuls along the Ukrainian/Romanian borders.

Omvendt Udklipshedebo (reversed Udklipshedebo) is a form of whitework embroidery using cutwork and embroidered lace techniques. It was developed in Denmark as part of the Hedebo tradition. It was worked on a white, linen ground (tabby weave) with white linen thread. 

Opus anglicanum is a Latin term that literally means 'Work of the English'. The term is documented in medieval sources from the continent (not from England !) to describe the highly regarded goldwork embroidery from England, whether it was religious or secular.

Opus teutonicum is a style of whitework embroidery popular during the medieval period in various parts of Europe that later became part of Germany, notably Lower Saxony, Hesse and Westphalia. It was also popular in parts of Switzerland and southern Scandinavia.

Or nué ('shaded gold') is a form of goldwork embroidery worked with a couching technique, whereby different coloured silk threads are stitched over the gold threads in order to form various designs. The or nué garments are slightly later in date than the equally prestigious opus anglicanum vestments.

Pierrot embroidery was a novelty form of embroidery developed in the USA in c. 1915. It remained fashionable for only a short period.

In Europe, until the early twentieth century, French terminology for lace and embroidery was very wide-spread.

Point de Beauvais is a French term for a form of tambour embroidery, which is a decorative needlework technique using a hook to create a chain stitch. Tambour embroidery is believed to have originated in India, although China is sometimes said to be its home. It spread to Europe in the eighteenth century as a result of European trading contacts with India. By that  time, point de Beauvais was developed.

Punch needle embroidery (also known as needle punching, needle punch work, punch needle work, punch work, or igolochky) is a technique involving the punching and looping of a thread or ribbon (c. 2 mm in width) in a particular design through a ground cloth.

Punto Tirato is an Italian term for a form of drawn thread work, whereby one set of threads (usually the wefts) is removed. It was often used to create a more decorative hem.

Redwork is a form of counted thread embroidery that uses a red thread (usually silk or cotton) on a white cloth background. It is usually carried out in a double running stitch (Holbein stitch), but other stitches are possible. The patterns produced tend to be geometrical or stylised figurative and floral forms.

Refill is the name for an Islandic form of wall hanging that was decorated with embroidery. This type of wall hanging was popular from the late ninth until the end of the sixteenth centuries. The wall hangings were used to decorate the interiors of Icelandic secular dwellings. With the advent of Christianity in Iceland around AD 1000, refills were also used to decorate churches.

Page 5 of 7