Embroideries

Embroideries

The French term filet is used in some English language works for a knotted mesh or net, and also for the mesh/net with a darned pattern (also known as filet work or filet lace). 

Florentine work is a type of counted thread embroidery consisting of a series of straight stitches laid out in a specific, geometrical pattern to produce one or more motifs. It should be noted that the term Florentine work can refer to both the embroidery technique and the finished appearance of the work.

Fontenoy embroidery (Broderie de Fontenoy-le-Château) is a form of whitework using chain stitch and a tambour hook. It is associated with the town of Fontenoy-le-Château in the Département of Vosges (northeastern France), which is particularly known for its production of embroidery from the late nineteenth century until the 1970's. At its peak the town employed some 500 women working on this form of embroidery.

French canvas embroidery is a form of canvas embroidery that was popular in Europe from the 1880's onwards.

Gretchen embroidery is a decorative needlework technique that combines couching and embroidery, and popular in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries in the USA.

Guimarães embroidery is a form of decorative needlework that derives from Guimarães in northern Portugal. It is known locally as Bordado de Guimarães. There are written references to the production of embroidery in this region dating back to the tenth century.

Guimarães whitework is a form of decorative needlework that derives from Guimarães in northern Portugal. It is a sub-group of Guimarães embroidery. Guimarães whitework was used to decorate both men and women’s clothing (especially chemises, shirts and waistcoats), as well as household items, such as curtains and towels.

Hardanger embroidery (Hardanger work) is a general term for various forms of counted thread and whitework that were originally produced in Norway. Hardanger work derives from the Hardanger district in the western part of the country. Traditional Hardanger work is characterised by the use of a white, even-weave cloth (sometimes with double warp and weft threads) with a fairly thick, white cotton or linen embroidery thread.

Hedebo is a form of whitework embroidery, related to reticella work. It is sometimes classed as an embroidered lace. It originates from the Danish farming community of the Heden, 'heath', area between Copenhagen, Køge and Roskilde.

Hedebo is a form of whitework embroidery. It originates from a Danish farming community in the district of 'Heden', between Copenhagen, Køge and Roskilde. The term Hedebo embroidery covers seven different techniques, which were all embroidered on white linen tabby cloth with white linen thread.

Hedebo rings constitute a characteristic circular pattern found on some types of the Hedebo embroidery from Denmark. They are normally worked separately in buttonhole stitch, linked together and attached to the linen.

The Central European country of Hungary has a tradition of embroidery that goes back to at least the twelfth century and probably much before. One of the oldest surviving pieces of Hungarian embroidery is the so-called Coronation Mantle of King Stephen (r: 1001-1038), which is now in the National Museum of Hungary, Budapest.

Hvidsøm is a form of whitework embroidery using drawn thread and cutwork techniques, developed in Denmark and belonging to the tradition of Hedebo embroidery. It is also often classed as a form of embroidered lace. Traditional Hvidsøm can be recognized by its one or two rows of chain stitches that frame the main motifs. Originally Hvidsøm was made by the women of the small farming communities in the Hedebo region of Denmark.

Igolochky is a form of punch needle embroidery from Russia. This type of work has traditionally been used to decorate household furnishings, especially curtains, and in some parts of Russia it can be found on regional dress, such as women’s blouses. This technique has also been used to make religious icons that are normally hung at home.

Italian cutwork combines cutwork with whitework and needle lace techniques. The small designs are mostly geometric, but little figures or birds also occur. The ground material is linen. The cut-out designs are filled with stitches, generally buttonhole stitch. The stitches are attached to the surrounding ground material, which is further embellised with whitework worked in raised stitches, such as bullion stitch or detached overcast stitch.

Page 3 of 7