Woven and interlocking materials

Woven and interlocking materials

Java canvas is a nineteenth century form of canvas, in which three or four warp threads and three or four weft threads are used in blocks, with a small gap between each block.

Koukoulíthra is a cotton/silk woven cloth that was sometimes used on the Greek island of Skyros as a ground material for embroideries.

Lais is a nineteenth and early twentieth century Indian (Hindu) term for a form of woven braid

Linen is a term used to describe both the thread and any cloth made from flax. Flax is a bast fibre obtained from the stem of a plant of the Linaceae family (Linum, especially Linum usitatissimum). Examples of linen cloth have been found at various archaeological sites that date back to at least the fifth millennium BC (from the Middle Eastern sites of Nahal and Çatal Hüyük) and the use of linen may have started even earlier.

Linsey-woolsey (also called woolsey-linsey) originally referred to a textile made with a flax warp and a wool (worsted) weft. Later it came to mean a material of coarse, inferior wool (weft), woven with a cotton warp. It generally came in plain blue or white, or with blue and white stripes. The name linsey is associated with the Suffolk (UK) town of Linsey, where this type of cloth was woven.

Marseille quilt is a form of cloth with machine printed patterns resembling hand-stitched quilting.

Mosaic canvas is a nineteenth century term for a very fine canvas of cotton, flax, hemp or silk.

In the UK, muslin is the name for a very fine, almost transparent cotton fabric. It was used for ladies' garments, light weight curtains, hangings, etc. The first use of the word in England dates to the early seventeenth century and is related to the French term mousseline and the Italian mussolina and musselo, allegedly referring to the town of Mosul (in modern northern Iraq), or to the Indian port of Masulipatnam.

With respect to decorative needlework, a net is a mesh ground material made by interlacing threads using a machine, rather than being made by hand.

Organza is a very fine, plain fabric originally made of silk, but nowadays synthetic fibres are also used, such as nylon or polyester. Organza is being woven in China and India, but also in France and Italy. It is often used in bridal wear.

Plastic canvas is an embroidery canvas made from plastic. It has been commercially available since the 1970's. It is made from a lightweight vinyl with regularly spaced holes. It comes in various mesh counts, notably 5, 7, 10 and 14 holes per inch. The most widely used form is the 7-mesh version.

Plush is an English term used to describe a shaggy, hairy kind of cloth that is used for clothing or upholstery. The pile or nap is softer and longer than that of velvet and resembles fur. There are accounts of plush dating back to at least the sixteenth century. Plush can be made of a variety of fibre types, including camel hair, cotton, goat hair, silk, wool, or some combination of these. In addition, the length of the pile can also vary.

Raschel is a looped net made by warp knitting (a form of machine knitting whereby the warp threads are made to interlock). It is made with synthetic fibres, to produce modern hosiery, curtains and garments, but it is also used for packaging.

Rug canvas has a meshof strong, cotton threads. This type of canvas is made by twisting two warp threads around each other lengthwise, and locking them around two weft threads at regular intervals. This locking action is required to ensure that the threads cannot be separated and that they make a stable ground material.

Sammal is an obscure late nineteenth century term for a type of woollen cloth used for certain types of ecclesiastical embroidery in Northern Europe.

Sampler canvas is an inferior form of bolting. GVE

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