As a generalization, Han lotus shoes can be divided into the four main regional forms, namely northern, western, eastern and southern, with various sub-divisions. Three of these regions are represented here.
Defining where a pair of shoes comes from is based upon their size, the shape of the vamp and heels, as well as the type and shape of soles, the style of embroidery and where it is placed on the shoe. But it should be stressed that it is very difficult to state that a pair of lotus shoes comes from a specific town or village, as there are numerous overlapping types. In addition, brides often travelled long distances bringing their own forms of lotus footwear to their new homes. These forms were often then amalgamated into the ‘local’ style of lotus shoes. The TRC Collection houses various examples from the north, east and south.