Furnishing velvets

Er zijn geen vertalingen beschikbaar.

Early 19th century chair back made of red silk figured velvet (TRC 2011.0388).

Early 19th century chair back made of red silk figured velvet (TRC 2011.0388).

Furnishing velvets are velvets that are used around a building, either in public or at home. These textiles can be divided into two basic forms, soft-furnishings, such as curtains and cushions, piano and table covers, and upholstery textiles, such as those used for chairs and sofas. In particular the bedroom and beds were regarded as an important method for displaying velvet and the owner’s status.

Between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries in northwestern Europe, for example, a very elaborate system of bed dressing (for what was called a tester or half-tester) was developed among the elite in order to display their status.

Sets of cloth for this purpose were known as bed hangings and could include:

(a) Canopy: a sort of cloth roof for the bed, which stretched above the bed and was kept in place with four poles, one in each corner. A half-tester canopy only went half way above the bed;

(b) Valance: the sides of the canopy and the upper part of the curtains were covered with a valance or high valance;

(c) Headcloth: this is the cloth that went behind the headboard of the bed;

(d) Curtains: there could be between two and six curtains around a full-tester bed. They covered the long sides and end of the bed. Sometimes the curtains were in pairs, on other occasions single curtains were used;

(e) Lower valance: the mattress and sides of the bed were covered with a length of cloth known as a valance, lower valance, or skirt;

(d) Counterpane: on top of the bed itself and covering the sheets, blankets, etc, was a counterpane or decorative cloth that often matched the other elements of the bed hangings.

Sample of Genoese cut velvet with a voided ground and a design of large stylised flowers, including sun flowers. The pattern is based on the fabric originally woven for the throne room of the royal palace in Madrid (Charles III, r. 1759-1788). The modern replica has been used for the throne room's restoration (TRC 2018.3021).

Sample of Genoese cut velvet with a voided ground and a design of large stylised flowers, including sun flowers. The pattern is based on the fabric originally woven for the throne room of the royal palace in Madrid (Charles III, r. 1759-1788). The modern replica has been used for the throne room's restoration (TRC 2018.3021).

Royal canopies

Royal court use of furnishing velvets included the canopy over a monarch’s throne. In Britain this is called the ‘Cloth of State’, which consists of a canopy called a ceeler and a long back cloth known as a tester, which goes against the wall. The set is hanging above and behind the monarch's throne. Much of it is made of velvet, which is at some places decorated with woven designs and at other places with embroidery.

ECCLESIASTICAL USE

The use of velvet, especially within the Roman Catholic Church and some of the Orthodox churches, also reaches to liturgical vestments, such as copes, chasubles  and slippers worn by bishops and those higher within the hierarchy, as well as for church furnishings such as altar coverings (notably altar frontals and superfrontals), banners and canopies. Velvet is also used for funeral purposes, such as palls placed over coffins, especially those on display in a public procession.

 

 

Chapters:

Velvet: A luxurious textile in the TRC spotlights

A brief history of velvet

The raw materials

The production of velvet

The main types of velvet

Classic velvet designs

Clothing and velvets

Furnishing velvets

Some alternative velvets

 

 

 

Zoek in TRC website

TRC in een notendop

Hogewoerd 164, 2311 HW Leiden. Tel. +31 (0)71 5134144 / +31 (0)6 28830428  info@trc-leiden.nl

Openingstijden: Maandag tot/met donderdag, van 10.00 tot 16.00 uur. Andere dagen alleen volgens afspraak.

Bankrekening: NL39 INGB 0002 9823 59

Toegang gratis, maar een vrijwillige bijdrage is zeer welkom.

TRC Gallery tentoonstelling, 22 jan. - 27 juni 2019: Fijn fluweel!

facebook 2015 logo detail

 

 

Financiële giften

The TRC is afhankelijk van project-financiering en privé-donaties. Al ons werk wordt verricht door vrijwilligers. Ter ondersteuning van de vele activiteiten van het TRC vragen wij U daarom om financiële steun:

Giften kunt U overmaken op bankrekeningnummer NL39 INGB 000 298 2359, t.n.v. Stichting Textile Research Centre.

Omdat het TRC officieel is erkend als een Algemeen Nut Beogende Instelling (ANBI), en daarbij ook nog als een Culturele Instelling, zijn particuliere giften voor 125% aftrekbaar van de belasting, en voor bedrijven zelfs voor 150%. Voor meer informatie, klik hier

Voor het overmaken van giften, kunt U ook gebruik maken van Paypal:


Abonneer u op de TRC Nieuwsbrief