Berlin wool work charts are pre-printed charts with a wide range of designs, which were initially made in the first half of the nineteenth century in Berlin (hence their name) and later copied by printers in many countries. This type of chart was used for Berlin wool work, a form of canvas embroidery that was popular in many countries in the nineteenth century.
An embroidery block is a small block used to hand-print a design outline onto a ground cloth. It is normally c. 3-5 cm in size and can come in a variety of shapes, such as squares or triangles. The required design may be (a) carved into the block, (b) formed by metal strips, (c) engraved onto a metal plate and then fastened to a wooden base, (d) rubber moulded, or (e) made by some other technique.
For centuries, lined and graph paper charts have been domestically and commercially available for creating counted thread embroidery designs, especially in cross stitch and tent stitch. Until the middle of the nineteenth century, coloured charts in Europe and America had to be hand painted in order to indicate the correct colours. Later in the century, machine printed charts became available.
The Textile Research Centre in Leiden holds a number of printing blocks from India. They include blocks specifically used for transferrring designs in preparation of embroidery. The present block is about 5 x 5 cm. In the centre it has an X-shaped motif enclosed by squares with an elaborate outer border.
Embroidery printing rollers are small, hand-held devices that are used to transfer a design. They were popular in some European countries during the nineteenth century and were often used as an aid to the production of domestic embroidery, especially for the decorative edges of undergarments. Removable rollers with suitable handles were produced by various commercial firms (especially in France) and sold for the domestic market.
An initial stamp is a small instrument, usually with a wooden handle, which has a single (decorative) initial carved into it. The inscribed end of the stamp is covered with a washable ink (usually in black or dark blue) and pressed on a textile or garment in order to mark it. Often the printed design is then embroidered.
A monogram stencil is a piece of metal (usually copper, tin or zinc), about 18 x 16 cm in size (but this can vary), with sets of initials in different styles and sizes cut or punched out. The initials act as templates that can be filled in or outlined using a pencil or ink and then embroidered.
Pouncing is a technique of pricking out the outline of a pattern on paper or card. The pricking is done with a pin. Afterwards the pricked page is attached to a ground material and then rubbing soot or ground charcoal (on a light ground cloth) or chalk (on a dark ground cloth) is spread over the pinned paper and forced through the pin holes so that when the page is removed, a series of dots are left in place, which facilitates the embroidering.
A printing block is a tool used for producing a repeat pattern on textiles, felt, leather, etc. The blocks are closely related to paper printing blocks and embroidery blocks. Printing blocks have been used for decorating textiles throughout the world. Traditional textile printing blocks can vary in size from a few centimetres to c. 40 cm.