Central and Inner Asia
The Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK, holds a late nineteenth century, densely decorated chapan (coat without front fastenings) from what is now Uzbekistan in Central Asia. The coat, measuring 144 x 98 cm, is made of plain weave cotton with silk thread embroidery, and lined with a silk (resist-dyed) ikat material.
The British Museum in London houses a goat's skull from the Turkmen (Turkmenistan?). It is covered with cotton cloth embroidered with cotton threads. Embroidered goat's skulls seem to occur with the Turkmen, and particularly with the Yomuts. The decoration includes black and pink floral designs, and multi-coloured plaited threads are wound around the horns. The eyes of the goat are also embroidered.
The Victoria and Albert Museum in London holds a large, embroidered cover or hanging (125 x 79 cm) decorated in the suzani tradition. It dates to the second half of the nineteenth century and is said to originate from Bukhara in modern Uzbekistan. The cover is made of seven linen strips that have been sewn together, whereby the embroidered motifs do no always match well together.
The Victoria and Albert Museum in London houses a woman's marriage coat from Siberia, which is made of sewn salmon skins. It was acquired by the museum in 1905, and information was added that it was a Gilyak coat from the lower Amur river region, near Vladivostok, from a tribe that was "dying out".
Suzani is the general term for a type of large, embroidered textile from mainly Uzbek communities in Central Asia, and found in Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrghyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The term derives from the Persian word suzan or ‘needle’ and suzanduzi for 'needlework'. The oldest surviving suzanis date from the late eighteenth century, but it is likely that their production and use date back to much earlier times.
The Victoria and Albert Museum in London holds a relatively old Turkmen chyrpy, a long robe traditionally worn by Turkmen women over the head and shoulders, with empty, decorative sleeves. The robe is made of yellow silk with embroidery in red silk, with small floral motifs. The robe measures 118 x 74 cm.
A white, embroidered woman's robe from the (Tekke) Turkmens in Central Asia is held in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. It has a white ground material, which denotes it was made for an elderly woman or widow. It dates to the first half of the twentieth century. It is made of cotton with silk embroidery. The garment (locally called a chyrpy) is worn over the head and shoulders. The sleeves are purely decorative.