Professions and functions
Acupictor (pl. acupictores) is a medieval Latin term for embroiderer. The Latin word literally means ‘painter with a needle.’ This term should not be confused with ‘ACU pictures’ – this term stands for Army Combat Uniforms and refers to USA army uniforms (this term appears when googling).
An embroiderer is a man who designs and stitches an embroidery. The female equivalent is an ‘embroideress'. By the end of the twentieth century, the term embroiderer was often used for either a man or a woman. At the same time the word embroiderer also means someone who creates a piece of art (rather than a functional item), using one or more embroidery techniques.
Kanakara is a Greek term from the island of Karpathos, referring to the first born girl in a family. The male equivalent is a kanakaris. Until the mid-twentieth century, the island of Karpathos in the southeastern part of the Aegean Sea had a local inheritance tradition and law that meant that first born sons and daughters were treated differently from their younger siblings.
The term lace runner can be used in different ways. It was, for example, a nineteenth century English term for a person who hand embroidered lengths of machine net with darning stitches or running stitches. The term can also be used for strips of net or cloth, such as linen decorated with lace or embroidery of some kind. These were intended to run down, for instance, a table centre. Sometimes these strips are mistaken for stoles.
Needleworker is a term, used especially in North America, for anyone who makes (decorative) items with a needle. The term is also used to indicate anyone engaged in needlework, when opposed to embroidery. This definition/use of the word needleworker does not appear in either the English Oxford Dictionary (UK) or the Merriam-Webster Dictionary (USA).
Quilter is a term used in English language quilting groups to refer to either of two people making quilts. These two are: 1. the person who designs and/or makes a quilt top, or 2. the person who stitches or ties the layers of a quilt together. This may or may not be the same person who designs and/or stitches the quilt top.