Buckskin is the soft preserved hide of an animal, such as a cow, deer, elk, moose or sheep. The English term ‘buck-skin’ derives from the word ‘buck’, meaning a male deer. The first recorded English use of the term dates back to AD 1433. Since 1804 the term has also specifically referred to a sheepskin that is processed in order to look like buckskin.
Cyclope neritea is a form of marine gastropod molluscs, and more specifically a species of sea snail that belongs to the Nassariidae family. The shell is similar in appearance to the whelk. C. Neritea lives in the Atlantic region off Europe, in the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea. A Mesolithic example of the use of C. neritea shells being used for decorating garments comes from the site of Vlasac (Serbia) and dates to about 6500 BC.
Feathers are skin growths (similar in idea to human skin hair) that form the outer covering (plumage) on birds. Feathers are made from a protein called keratin. There are normally two layers of feathers, namely the upper layer that is for protection and an under layer used to keep the bird warm.
The pharyngeal teeth of various types of fish have been used by many communities for decorating clothing. These teeth are located at the back of the fish’s mouth. Often the teeth were removed from the jaw during the process of cleaning and cooking of the fish. The teeth were then perforated, so they could be used as jewellery or as decoration on garments.
A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines or quills, which are used to protect the animal against predators. Porcupines belong to the family of the Erethizontidae (genera: Chaetomys, Coendou, Echinoprocta, Erethizon and Sphiggurus) or of the Hystricidae (genera: Atherurus, Hystrix and Trichys). Porcupines are indigenous to Africa, the Americas, Europe and Southern Asia.