Cotton is a vegetable seed fibre consisting of ‘hairs’ attached to the cotton seed in its boll (protective capsule). Cotton comes from several plants of the Gossypium species (family Malvaceae). Cotton fibres are normally soft and fluffy and vary in length from 1.5 to 5 cm. The normal colour of cotton is light to dark cream, although it may be brown or green depending upon the plant variety, the weather and the soil conditions.
Dacron is an American trademark for polyester, a type of synthetic fibre. It was first marketed in the USA in 1951. By the beginning of the twenty-first century the trademark was used for a variety of polyester fibres and products, including an artificial sinew thread that is basically a waxed, polyester yarn.
Filoselle is the portion of a silk cocoon that is not used for good quality silk cloth, because the filaments are damaged or broken. Filoselle is normally carded, spun and then plied to make silk yarns. Six-stranded filoselle silk embroidery thread became popular in the late nineteenth century for various types of embroidery.
Flax is an upright, annual plant of the genus Linum (family Linaceae). The most widespread version of flax is Linum usitatissimum, which is native to a vast area extending from the eastern Mediterranean to India. The plant is cultivated either for its seed (linseed) or for its fibres.
Hair from a North American animal, the moose, has traditionally been used as a textile fibre and thread in some parts of North America. In North America, moose hair was particularly used in the northeast of the continent. Moose are known as elk in Eurasia and have the species name of Alces alces. It is the largest member of the deer family.